Author Archives: secondbysecond

This week in the War, 9–15 July 1945: Preparing to invade Japan

This week in the war, on 15 July 1945, the first contingent of American troops that had been serving in Europe boarded their ship in Naples, Italy, and set sail for Japan. The invasion of the Japanese homeland had been set for … Continue reading

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This week in the War, 2–8 July 1945: Ivan Lyon and Z Force

This week in the war saw the final and sad end of Lieutenant Colonel Ivan Lyon’s Z Force. Since the fall of Singapore, Lyon had served with special forces (British, Australian and Free French) that were fighting behind the Japanese … Continue reading

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This week in the War, 25 June–1 July 1945: The San Francisco Conference

A photograph of future Canadian prime minister, Lester B. Pearson, addressing delegates at the San Francisco Conference is fitting for Canada Day, 1 July. The United Nations Conference on International Organization, which had opened on 26 April 1945, ended two … Continue reading

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This week in the War, 18–24 June 1945: The marshal and the stallion

June was the month for victory parades in places as far apart as Moscow and Rangoon. This week in the war, on 24 June 1945, Marshal Georgy Zhukov rode his white stallion, Idol, in a gigantic march-past in Moscow’s Red … Continue reading

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This week in the War, 11–17 June 1945: Victory parade in Rangoon

By June 1945, the Japanese army had pulled out of Rangoon. This week in the war, on 15 June 1945, Lord Louis Mountbatten held a victory parade in the city. Rangoon—where Aung San Suu Kyi, the current head of state for … Continue reading

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This week in the War, 4–10 June 1945: Hirohito holds a meeting

This week in the war, on 8 June 1945, Emperor Hirohito presided over a meeting of the Japanese cabinet. They decided that Japan would continue fighting until the very end. Japanese kamikaze pilots were still effective and, in his book … Continue reading

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This week in the War, 28 May–3 June 1945: Shuri Castle

This week in the war, in early June 1945, after a three-day bombardment by the battleship USS Mississippi, American troops occupied the site of Shuri Castle, which had served as Japanese headquarters in Okinawa. In one form or another, the castle … Continue reading

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