Tag Archives: Mussolini

This week in the War, 20–26 September 1943: The Salo republic

On 23 September 1943, Benito Mussolini proclaimed the Italian Social Republic(ISR), the so-called Salò Republic, which was headquartered in the town of Salò in the extreme north of Italy. The new republic was a puppet regime and Mussolini had himself become little … Continue reading

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This week in the War, 6–12 September 1943: Italy surrenders, Mussolini is rescued

This week in the war, on 8 September 1943, with the Allied fleet already in view off the Italian coast near Salerno, Italy surrendered. (The agreement to do so had already been signed five days earlier.) General Eisenhower made the … Continue reading

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This week in the War, 2–8 August 1943: Italy at the crossroads

This week in the war saw Italy poised on the brink of changing sides. On 6 August 1943, at the request of the Germans, representatives of Germany and Italy met at the Italian-Austrian border. The foreign ministers from both Germany … Continue reading

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This week in the War, 19–25 July 1943: Mussolini is fired by the King

This week in the war saw Rome bombed for the first time by the Allies (on 19 July 1943). The week also saw the Italian Grand Council of Fascism vote against Mussolini’s continued rule. (Mussolini’s son-in-law, Count Ciano, was one … Continue reading

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This week in the War, 5–11 April 1943: Hitler and Mussolini meet in Salzburg

This week in the war, on 7 April 1943, Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini met in Salzburg to discuss the military situation. Axis forces had suffered major defeats and were on the defensive both in Tunisia in North Africa following … Continue reading

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This week in the War, 8–14 March 1943: Italian workers stage a strike at the Fiat factories in Turin

This week in the war, 12 March 1943, tens of thousands of workers at the Fiat factories in the Italian industrial city of Turin went on strike. Other Italian workers followed their lead and war production across northern Italy ground … Continue reading

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This week in the War, 29 June–5 July 1942: Mussolini eyes Egypt

This week in the war, 29 June 1942, Benito Mussolini flew from Italy to North Africa. The Duce piloted his own plane. Given Rommel’s spectacular advance and the fall of Tobruk, Mussolini was convinced that Axis forces would arrive in Egypt within days. (15 … Continue reading

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